With the proliferation of COVID-19, world leaders are struggling to increase vaccination rates.

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As the Northern Hemisphere heads for winter and the number of cases of COVID-19 is increasing in Europe and North America, political leaders from Washington to Brussels should be vaccinated against the disease that killed more than 5 million people. I’m having a hard time convincing the pandemic tired masses. And it has made hundreds of millions of people sick all over the world.

In the United States, President Joe Biden’s attention-grabbing move to require workers to submit vaccinations or routine tests to all businesses with more than 100 employees has been caught up in court challenges. Partly because various governments across Europe announced this week that they will take stricter steps to combat illness, including limiting the ability of unvaccinated people to actively participate in public life. Violent protests intensified.

Countries around the world are responding to the continued presence of COVID-19, about two years after COVID-19 was first detected. Measures have been taken, ranging from mandatory comprehensive vaccines for all targeted individuals to more targeted requirements for people at specific risks such as health. care worker.

Abundant vaccines, various intakes

According to the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center, nearly 7.5 billion vaccines have been given since the shot became available. These doses are not evenly spread around the world. Most of the vaccines are purchased by wealthy countries like the United States and many in Europe.

This seems to suggest that Europe and North America are well protected from the winter virus surge, but even among vaccine-rich countries, they are vaccinated with COVID-19. The proportion of the population who chooses to do so varies greatly.

According to data collected by Johns Hopkins University, only 59.7% of Americans are fully vaccinated, compared to 76.9% in Canada and 50.4% in Mexico. In Europe, vaccine intake varies widely from 86.9% in Portugal to just 12.6% in Armenia.

In Central Europe, cases are skyrocketing in Germany and Denmark, with vaccination rates of 68.1% and 76.4%, respectively. Both countries show that the proportion of people vaccinated is well above the global average, and that even with relatively high vaccination rates, the disease can still spread rapidly.

This has led leaders around the world to find ways to force more people to vaccinate with varying success.

Different approaches to vaccination

A few countries, such as Indonesia, Micronesia and Turkmenistan, have comprehensive requirements for all adults to be vaccinated.

This week Austria became the first European country to announce that vaccination will be required, requiring all adults to be vaccinated by February. The announcement was made when the government announced that it would implement a fourth national blockade to reduce the spread of the virus and encourage protests nationwide.

Many other countries take a less broad approach, linking vaccination status to their ability to participate in public activities such as going to restaurants, concerts and other events.

Other European countries have announced stricter restrictions on what unvaccinated people can do, and broader restrictions on general public life, with protests taking place this week in countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Croatia. I did.

Many European countries have adopted a “vaccine passport” system that limits access to public places to those who can show evidence of vaccination or recent recovery from COVID-19.

Civil servants are facing requirements

One of the most common measures taken around the world is the requirement for civil servants to be vaccinated to continue working. In addition to the United States, countries where public sector workers are required to be vaccinated include Canada, Costa Rica, Denmark, Fiji, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Turkey and Ukraine. ..

Many of them have added obligations to all private sector workers. Others limit the requirements to private sector workers who do business with their customers.

In some countries, such as Denmark, France, Lebanon, Morocco and the Netherlands, health care workers have limited obligations, but unvaccinated activities are restricted.

Vaccine resistance in the United States

In the United States, President Biden’s attempt to demand vaccinations and tests from private companies with more than 100 employees is at a loss. The proposal, coming into force in January, will affect approximately 84 million US workers, in addition to existing obligations to health workers, federal employees and contractors, and the US military.

But the push by the Democratic president faces pushbacks from Republican politicians across the country. Several Republican Attorney Generals have filed proceedings to prevent the mandate from coming into force. The federal judge prevented its execution and remained on duty.

The case has been annexed at Cincinnati’s Sixth US Circuit Court of Appeals, and the Biden administration has demanded that the mission continue.

To the Supreme Court

Brian Dean Abramson, adjunct professor of vaccine law at Florida International University and author of the Bloomberg Law / American Health Law Association paper Vaccines, vaccinations, and immunization methods, Told VOA that the fate of Mandate remains unknown.

According to Occupational Safety and Health Department Abramson, the department within the Ministry of Labor that created the mandate faced many challenges. For example, he argues that new missions are needed to protect workers from dangerous illnesses, while at the same time allowing healthcare professionals to continue to adhere to the less stringent standards set earlier this year. Insist.

According to Abramson, the case is probably heading to the country’s Supreme Court, regardless of its fate in Circuit 6.

“I think this means reaching the US Supreme Court pretty quickly,” he said. “And I think we could see the Supreme Court receive this, have some kind of quick discussion, and make a decision by the end of the year.”

With the proliferation of COVID-19, world leaders are struggling to increase vaccination rates

Source link With the proliferation of COVID-19, world leaders are struggling to increase vaccination rates

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