At least 67% of the 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States are Mexicans and Central Americans.

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According to a major study of immigrants released on Tuesday, immigrants from Central America pay smugglers $ 1.7 billion annually in hopes of getting out of poverty or a better job opportunity in the United States.

A project by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Migration Policy Institute, World Food Program, and Civic Data Design Lab found immigrants paying a total of $ 2.2 billion.

In addition, 92% of those surveyed cited economic factors as the main driving force for leaving home, rather than climate disasters, violence and food insecurity.

This report is the latest contribution to the debate on how the United States should manage immigrants.

The Biden administration is under strong pressure to do more. Last month, Customs and Border Protection revealed that border detention had reached its highest level in 20 years.

According to the report, 55% of recent migrants have contracted with smugglers and paid $ 1.7 billion annually. This is the largest part of the total $ 2.2 billion spent by people trying to find a better life.

“That’s a huge amount of money,” said Sarah Williams, an associate professor of technology at MIT’s Faculty of Urban Studies and one of the authors of the report.

“All of that $ 2.2 billion is paid by the migrants themselves, so the migrants bear the risks in terms of both debt and personal risk.”

Based on a household sending about 5,000 immigrants and an online survey of 6,000, economics is the most important factor in encouraging people to leave El Salvador, Guatemala and El Salvador, according to the report.

Central American migrants pay smugglers about $ 1.7 billion annually for a better life, according to a new report by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Migration Policy Institute, World Food Program, and Civic Data Design Lab.

Central American migrants pay smugglers about $ 1.7 billion annually for a better life, according to a new report by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Migration Policy Institute, World Food Program, and Civic Data Design Lab.

Central American migrants pay smugglers about $ 1.7 billion annually for a better life, according to a new report by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Migration Policy Institute, World Food Program, and Civic Data Design Lab.

The report is based on interviews with households sending nearly 5,000 migrants and an online survey of an additional 6,000 people across El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, with migrants using regular channels averaging $ 4,500. I found out that I was spending.

Those traveling alone or with a caravan spent $ 2,900.

But with smugglers, the cost went up to about $ 7,500.

Still, the data show a surge in interest in migration. Over the past two years, the number of people who are considering migration has more than quintupled from 8% in 2019 to 43% this year.

However, only 3% said they had a concrete withdrawal plan.

Their main reasons were economic shortages of money for necessities, the need for better work and working conditions.

The pandemic also exacerbated the push factor. The report cited a study by the United Nations World Food Program that states that households in all three countries are suffering from loss of income.

Climate and environment, violence and family reunification

“The core issue is, after all, economics, where policy makers need to focus on their energy,” Williams said.

“What is causing migration is that people do not have enough money to meet their basic needs.”

The surge in immigrants arriving at the southern border is putting pressure on President Biden and his administration.

According to data released last month by the Customs and Border Protection, 1.7 million migrants were arrested at the border in fiscal 2021.

This is higher than the previous record set in 2000, when authorities recorded 1.64 million arrests.

Biden stopped the flow by entrusting Vice President Kamala Harris with cooperation with Central American countries, and administrative critics set border security as the key.

The Western Sheriffs Association, which represents 17 states, has called for the removal of Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mallorcus over dealing with the border crisis.

It declared Mallorcus “not confident” and warned of “complete and complete collapse” in efforts to prevent illegal crossings.

“American sheriffs were distrustfully watching as the southern border turned into an invisible line in the sand,” the association said with Sheriff Leo Dutton of Lewis and Clark County, Montana. It states in a letter signed by former Sheriff James Pond. Its executive director.

“Border guards are being relegated to childcare supervisors in housing units, and when they try to act, they are scrutinized, taken on leave, and investigated for political gain.”

While emphasizing the drivers of migration from Central America, the report addresses root causes, including initiatives related to economic recovery, livelihood and food security for those most likely to migrate irregularly. Designed to provide the government with a blueprint for.

Given the repeating cyclical pattern of Central American immigrants moving north, they go beyond unilateral coercion and recognize the subtleties of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras as well as the impetus for immigrants. But smart investment and community-building policies should be undertaken, “said MPI President Andrew Serry.

At least 67% of the 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States are Mexicans and Central Americans

Source link At least 67% of the 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States are Mexicans and Central Americans

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